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In Canada inmates are allowed every two months to spend up to 72 hours in a flat with their spouses, partners, children, parents or in-laws. ?We get to cook together, play cards and bingo, and be a family...The children get to know their father,? remarks a female relative of an offender in Ontario. The visits, says an inmate, ?let us know that someone still cares about us?.
The Economist - Print edition - Free - The Economist - Print edition - Free - Your Highlight Location 62-64 | Added on Thursday, 7 November 13 16:08:08
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WHEN she was ten, Saru Waghmare started scavenging the open dumps of the western Indian city of Pune. It had been her family?s work for generations. But in 2008 the city awarded her co-operative a contract to collect refuse from 400,000 households. Workers got uniforms, gloves and pushcarts, modest health insurance, and for the first time in their lives a regular income of 36 rupees ($0.60) per month for each household they served. They keep the profit from any recyclables they sell. Many doubled or tripled their earnings. Five years on, all the children of the co-operative?s 2,300 members go to school. ?Before, I would spend the whole day out in all weather, fighting off dogs in containers,? says Saru. ?Now I have dignity and I can save for my old age. I feel my future is bright.? New UN guidelines on waste-collection published last month laud Pune?s approach. Formalising the work of scavengers, who, it reckons, collect between half and all the rubbish in developing countries, cuts costs to cities, helps the environment and reduces poverty. Suresh Jagtap, the city?s joint commissioner of waste management, says the scheme saved the city $2.2m a year. Waste-transport costs are around a tenth of those in other Indian cities, he says, because the pickers sort the rubbish close to where it is collected. Similar schemes are afoot in the Philippines and Nepal.
The Economist - Print edition - Free - The Economist - Print edition - Free - Your Highlight Location 26-35 | Added on Thursday, 7 November 13 16:05:54
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Cash to the poor: Pennies from heaven
The Economist - Print edition - Free - The Economist - Print edition - Free - Your Highlight Location 28-28 | Added on Tuesday, 5 November 13 01:58:09
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A different scheme has been running in northern Uganda for four years. The government gives lump sums of around $10,000 to groups of 20 or so young people who club together to apply. Chris Blattman of Columbia University, New York, who has studied the programme, calls it ?wildly successful?. Recipients spent a third of the money learning a trade (such as metalworking or tailoring) and much of the rest on tools and stock. They set up enterprises and work longer hours in their new trades. Average earnings rose by almost 50% in four years.
The Economist - Print edition - Free - The Economist - Print edition - Free - Your Highlight Location 67-71 | Added on Tuesday, 5 November 13 01:54:58
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In randomly selected poor households in 63 villages that have received the windfalls, they say, the number of children going without food for a day has fallen by over a third and livestock holdings have risen by half. A year after the scheme began, incomes have gone up by a quarter and recipients seem less stressed, according to tests of their cortisol levels.
The Economist - Print edition - Free - The Economist - Print edition - Free - Your Highlight Location 59-62 | Added on Tuesday, 5 November 13 01:53:43
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In randomly selected poor households in 63 villages that have received the windfalls, they say, the number of children going without food for a day has fallen by over a third and livestock holdings have risen by half.
The Economist - Print edition - Free - The Economist - Print edition - Free - Your Highlight Location 59-61 | Added on Tuesday, 5 November 13 01:53:36
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Mr Anoche?s first move on getting his windfall was to buy a new roof. Not only is thatch leaky, but it also needs to be replaced twice a year, at $40 a time. He spent half the money on his home, and half on timber and chickens. Those two businesses now turn a monthly profit of nearly $90.
The Economist - Print edition - Free - The Economist - Print edition - Free - Your Highlight Location 53-55 | Added on Tuesday, 5 November 13 01:52:41
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The charity relies heavily on technology. It crunches census data to identify Kenya?s poorest districts, including Mr Anoche?s home village of Koga, near Lake Victoria. It outsources the time-consuming job of distinguishing tin roofs from thatch to a web service called ?Mechanical Turk?, which breaks big jobs into small parts and assigns them to jobbing freelances around the world. Field workers visit the villages with GPS devices to register beneficiaries and distribute the cash via M-Pesa, Kenya?s mobile money-transfer system.
The Economist - Print edition - Free - The Economist - Print edition - Free - Your Highlight Location 50-53 | Added on Tuesday, 5 November 13 01:52:29
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Projects such as Give Directly in Kenya are the latest elaboration of these ideas. Their designers saw that CCTs had boosted household incomes, and asked whether extra conditions, such as mandatory school attendance, were necessary. They also argued that, if CCTs were cheap to run, unconditional cash transfers (UCTs) would be cheaper still. Now enough of these programmes are up and running to make a first assessment. Early results are encouraging: giving money away pulls people out of poverty, with or without conditions. Recipients of unconditional cash do not blow it on booze and brothels, as some feared. Households can absorb a surprising amount of cash and put it to good use. But conditional cash transfers still seem to work better when the poor face an array of problems beyond just a shortage of capital.
The Economist - Print edition - Free - The Economist - Print edition - Free - Your Highlight Location 42-47 | Added on Tuesday, 5 November 13 01:51:21
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The idea sounds as extraordinary as throwing money out of helicopters. But this programme, and others like it, are part of a shift in thinking about how best to use aid to help the poorest. For decades, it was thought that the poor needed almost everything done for them and that experts knew best what this was. Few people would trust anyone to spend $1,000 responsibly. Instead, governments, charities and development banks built schools and hospitals, roads and ports, irrigation pipes and electric cables. And they set up big bureaucracies to run it all. From around 2000, a different idea started to catch on: governments gave poor households small stipends to spend as they wished?on condition that their children went to school or visited a doctor regularly. These so-called ?conditional cash transfers? (CCTs) appeared first in Latin America and then spread around the world.
The Economist - Print edition - Free - The Economist - Print edition - Free - Your Highlight Location 34-40 | Added on Tuesday, 5 November 13 01:49:58
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Slavery: Dry bones International Oct 19th 2013
The Economist - Print edition - Free - The Economist - Print edition - Free - Your Highlight Location 70-70 | Added on Thursday, 24 October 13 13:19:00
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Europe?s slavery rates are the lowest, but even in Britain, one of the lowest-ranked countries, the survey reckons up to 4,600 people are enslaved. They include trafficked women and people, often with mental or family problems, who are coerced into working in construction gangs.
The Economist - Print edition - Free - The Economist - Print edition - Free - Your Highlight Location 78-80 | Added on Thursday, 24 October 13 13:18:54
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Electricity: Edison?s revenge International Oct 19th 2013
The Economist - Print edition - Free - The Economist - Print edition - Free - Your Highlight Location 20-21 | Added on Thursday, 24 October 13 13:17:03
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Mr Daniel?s company has already set up a dozen prototypes in Britain, including at a London theatre and in a neighbourhood in Southend-on-Sea.
The Economist - Print edition - Free - The Economist - Print edition - Free - Your Highlight Location 55-56 | Added on Thursday, 24 October 13 13:15:19
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Measuring adult skills: What can you do? International Oct 12th 2013
The Economist - Print edition - Free - The Economist - Print edition - Free - Your Highlight Location 38-40 | Added on Saturday, 19 October 13 12:57:15
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vocational education needs to be both more consistent and more ambitious. But the bedrock of success is improving the quality of secondary education. Without that, letters after a name do not mean much.
The Economist - Print edition - Free - The Economist - Print edition - Free - Your Highlight Location 68-69 | Added on Saturday, 19 October 13 12:57:09
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Using her MPI measure, Ms Alkire finds that about one-sixth of Vietnam?s population is poor by income, and one-sixth is ?multidimensionally poor?. But they are not the same people: only about a third of the groups overlap. Emma Samman of ODI says, ?It is not clear that the $1.25-a-day poverty line, the measure upon which this vision of a poverty-free world exists, is necessarily the best way to think about and measure poverty.?
The Economist - Print edition - Free - The Economist - Print edition - Free - Your Highlight Location 42-45 | Added on Saturday, 28 September 13 02:22:11
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Using her MPI measure, Ms Alkire finds that about one-sixth of Vietnam?s population is poor by income, and one-sixth is ?multidimensionally poor?. But they are not the same people: only about a third of the groups overlap.
The Economist - Print edition - Free - The Economist - Print edition - Free - Your Highlight Location 42-44 | Added on Saturday, 28 September 13 02:21:53
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Several countries have managed to reduce the social deprivations that the poor face (bad education, health and so on) by more than they have improved the incomes of the poorest. Nepal is one. Bangladesh is another: it has made some of the greatest improvements in infant and maternal mortality ever seen, despite modest income growth. But these are exceptions.
The Economist - Print edition - Free - The Economist - Print edition - Free - Your Highlight Location 48-50 | Added on Saturday, 28 September 13 10:48:29
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http://www.economist.com/news/international/21586296-be-safe-internet-needs-reliable-encryption-standards-software-and?fsrc=rss%7Cint
The Economist - Print edition - Free - The Economist - Print edition - Free - Your Highlight Location 122-123 | Added on Saturday, 21 September 13 01:20:12
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